Comparative Evolutionary Psychology: A United Discipline for the Study of Evolved Traits

Evolutionary psychology is a theoretical approach in the social and natural sciences that examines psychological structure from a modern evolutionary perspective. Adaptationist thinking about physiological mechanisms, such as the heart, lungs, and immune system, is common in evolutionary biology. Some evolutionary psychologists apply the same thinking to psychology, arguing that the modularity of mind is similar to that of the body and with different modular adaptations serving different functions. These evolutionary psychologists argue that much of human behavior is the output of psychological adaptations that evolved to solve recurrent problems in human ancestral environments. Evolutionary psychology is not simply a subdiscipline of psychology but its evolutionary theory can provide a foundational, metatheoretical framework that integrates the entire field of psychology in the same way evolutionary biology has for biology. Evolutionary psychologists hold that behaviors or traits that occur universally in all cultures are good candidates for evolutionary adaptations [6] including the abilities to infer others’ emotions, discern kin from non-kin, identify and prefer healthier mates, and cooperate with others. There have been studies of human social behaviour related to infanticide , intelligence , marriage patterns, promiscuity , perception of beauty , bride price , and parental investment , with impressive findings.

Whitehouse, Harvey (ed.). The debated mind: evolutionary psychology versus ethnography

Several themes have emerged from the chapters in this volume. Some tensions exist between researchers seeking to answer questions concerning the adaptive purpose of human and nonhuman behaviors and capacities, and researchers seeking to shed light on the evolutionary forces giving rise to such traits. These tensions may be dissipated if several unnecessary dichotomies are avoided and researchers thereby embraced nonmutually exclusive stances to different methodological and theoretical approaches.

We suggest that, if all researchers with similar goals unite under the single unifying framework of evolutionary theory, many more advances can be made and a more focused field of study will emerge.

OVER a relatively short period of time evolutionary psychology has become a prominent way of understanding the human mind and behaviour.

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The dating mind: evolutionary psychology and the emerging science of human courtship.

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: In the New York Times bestselling book The Game: Penetrating the Secret Society of Pickup Artists , the world was granted its first exclusive introduction to the steadily growing dating coach and pick-up artist community.

Evolutionary psychologists have often called on behavioral scientists to make explicit their basic assumptions about the origins and structure of the mind (see.

This article provides an introduction to evolutionary psychology and its relevance to organizational design theory and practice. Evolutionary psychology assumes that human nature reflect adaptations to an ancestral environment that was intensely social, but differed profoundly from modern organizations in scale and complexity. Further, organizational structures and cultures co-evolved with human nature to deal with the different environmental challenges early humans faced.

In this article, I present a concise review of the theoretical foundations of evolutionary psychology and convey how evolutionary psychology hypotheses about organizational design, culture, and leadership in organizations can be developed and tested. I also provide some directions for future research in this area and discuss implications for designing organizations that are perhaps better aligned with human nature than current structures.

Gore and associates is an international manufacturing company with over 10, employees worldwide and an annual revenue of 3. Less well known is their unique organizational structure and philosophy. When successful units reach the size of about — employees, the unit splits in two equal parts, occupying adjacent buildings. There are no managers or workers at Gore company, every employee is an associate. In choosing a new CEO, the company invites nominations from the associates and the candidate that attracts the most followers gets the job.

All important company decisions are democratic, consensual, and peer-reviewed. Evolutionary psychologists argue that a such structures reflect adaptations to particular environmental challenges that early humans faced and b human nature has been shaped by the challenges of living in these small-scale societies Buss, Both these elements have implications for organizational design, culture, and decision-making. This article serves as a primer on evolutionary psychology for scholars in organization design and culture.

The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture

Evolutionary mismatch concepts are being fruitfully employed in a number of research domains, including medicine, health, and human cognition and behavior to generate novel hypotheses and better understand existing findings. We contend that research on human mating will benefit from explicitly addressing both the evolutionary mismatch of the people we study and the evolutionary mismatch of people conducting the research. We identified nine mismatch characteristics important to the study of human mating and reviewed the literature related to each of these characteristics.

Many of the people we study are: exposed to social media, in temporary relationships, relocatable, autonomous in their mating decisions, nulliparous, in groups that are socially segmented, in an educational setting, confronted with lots of options, and young. We applied mismatch concepts to each characteristic to illustrate the importance of incorporating mismatch into this research area.

Gad Saad: Evolutionary psychology is applying evolutionary theory to understand the human mind. Evolution is typically used to explain all biological diversity.

Current theories of evolution portray men as active individuals who forge their way forward through a mix of testosterone-fuelled competition, rivalry, and aggression. But what role is left for women within such evolutionary thinking? The role women get is that of the passive, weak individual left to ride on the coattails of their male suitors; the default, no testosterone sex interested in just selecting the best male to expand the gene pool.

Is it any wonder that feminists are dismissive of such evolutionary approaches? That many have sought to ignore the contribution that evolutionary theor That many have sought to ignore the contribution that evolutionary theory can make to our understanding of women? But have women really just been bit-part actors in the whole story of evolution? Have they not played their own role in ensuring their reproductive success?

This book challenges the passive role of women in evolutionary theory and redresses the current bias within evolutionary writing. Guiding through the basics of evolutionary theory, the book proposes that women have forged their own strategic way forward, acting through their own competition, rivalry, indirect aggression, and unfaithfulness, to shape their own destiny.

Throwing down a challenge to feminist theories, the book contends that evolutionary theory can indeed teach us plenty about the female mind in particular and evolutionary psychology in general. Keywords: evolutionary theory , testosterone , aggression , women , feminist theories , evolution , competition.

Evolutionary psychology: theoretical foundations for the study of organizations

Covid Vienna-Quellenstrasse 51 remains shut; Budapest-Nador complex has a phased reopening. Read more. Historically, explaining the nature of social and cultural institutions that humans form and live in has been long considered to be the natural and sole domain of the social sciences such as sociology, economics, history, or philosophy.

The Dating Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Emerging Science of Human Courtship. N Oesch, I Miklousic. Evolutionary Psychology 10 (5), ,

Oxford, New York: Berg Publishers, The debated mind is an attempt to plot the spectrum of cognitivist beliefs in the field of anthropology and to forge a path between two apparently irreconcilable positions. At stake is the importance of evolutionary psychology and cognitive science in anthropological analysis. Whitehouse’s division of the book into two distinct sections clearly marks a theoretical discrepancy among its contributors, and his introduction provides a thorough overview of why and how this is so.

On the one hand. On the other hand, there are those whose deep scepticism of the paths taken by modern psychology and biology leads them to propose that the theoretical principles that govern these disciplines must themselves be revised. The problems of cognitive science, according to Whitehouse, Harvey ed. The debated mind: evolutionary psychology versus ethnography. Author: Diana Espirito-Santo. Date: Sept.

Evolutionary Mismatch in Mating

In response to problems in our environment, we adapt both physically and psychologically to ensure our survival and reproduction. Sexual selection theory describes how evolution has shaped us to provide a mating advantage rather than just a survival advantage and occurs through two distinct pathways: intrasexual competition and intersexual selection. Gene selection theory, the modern explanation behind evolutionary biology, occurs through the desire for gene replication.

The dating mind: Evolutionary psychology and the emerging science of human courtship. Article· Literature Review (PDF Available) in.

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Discussion – Is Female Choice Overemphasized in the Evolutionary Psychology of Human Mating?