Many people want to know about dating vintage and antique brooches, and how they can tell if a brooch is old. Below, you can see some photo examples of the age and types of brooch clasps, starting from the earliest. The T-bar is named after the T shape of the hinge left of picture , while the C-clasp is named after the c shaped hook catch the pin fits into right. This type of brooch fixing was generally used throughout the Victorian period and up until around the Art Deco era. Note the long pin, which stretches way over the brooch itself. Note that the long pin was still popular. It consists of a cylinder tube within a cylinder — you pull the inner cylinder out to release the pin.
Dating Brooches by Type of Clasp or Fastening
Certain markings were only used in specific time periods. However, if there are no markings on a piece, then we must turn to other methods of dating. The style of clasps will often give us a relatively good idea of how old a piece is. There are several types of clasps that were used on brooches from very early days right up to contemporary pieces.
The T Bar clasp is one of the earliest styles of clasps for brooches and pins. They were used throughout the Victorian Era.
Vintage jewelry hardware refers to the various types of clasps, pins, earring backs, rings, and other elements used to create jewelry. NOTE: This is the final article in my four-part series on how to identify and date vintage jewelry. As time went on, the pins became shorter. Although mostly seen on older brooches, some inexpensive brooches are made with C-clasps even today. The trombone clasp, patented in Europe in , was named after the musical instrument as it had a tube with a round top.
You would pull the top out to release the pin. These were used in the latter half of the 19th century into the s, mostly by European jewelers. Improvements and modifications made throughout the 20th century. It eventually evolved into the modern locking clasps in use today. Safety pin clasps were also popular and were used from the late s until the early s, and are still used on some hand made pieces today.
They are commonly found on hand made brooches from the midth century era, such as painted wooden brooches from Russia or micro mosaic brooches from Italy.
US2513592A – Bracelet clasp – Google Patents
Unlike most modern brooches, fibulae were not only decorative; they originally served a practical function: to fasten clothing , such as cloaks. In English, “fibula” is not a word used for modern jewellery, but by archaeologists, who also use “brooch”, especially for types other than the ancient “safety pin” types, and for types from the British Isles. There are hundreds of different types of fibulae. Fibulae are also divided into classes that are based upon their general forms.
We’ll show you exactly how jewelry clasps work. Some jewelry clasps are more secure than others, and some are an important part of the design. How to Identify and Date Old Brooch Styles. 10 Easy Crochet Jewelry.
The present invention relates to the jewelry art, and has particular reference to a novel finding for a, bracelet clasp. The principal object of the invention is to provide a positive lock against accidental separation of the clasp parts. Another object of the invention is to provide a very simple construction for a bracelet snap clasp, which has a manually movable lock element.
With the above and other objects and advantageous features in view, theinvention consists of a novel arrangementlof parts more fully disclosed in the detailed description following, in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, and more specifically defined in the claims appended thereto. It has been found desirable to provide an additional safety lock for bracelet and necklace clasps of the snap engagement type, to positively ensure against accidental separation of the clasp parts.
To this end, I have provided a locking member which may be manually turned so as to turn to lock the connected clasp parts against accidental eparation, the locking member being securely held in its locking position by spring tension. Referring to the drawings, a preferred embodiment of my invention is illustrated in Figs. The clasp body, designated ID, is of the usual hollow box type, the rear end II being adapted to be secured to one end of a bracelet or necklace chain, and the forward end I2 comprising a downwardly extending lock flange I3, a longitudinal slot I4 extending across the flange I3 and rearwardly back in the top wall I5 of the clasp body I0.
Associated with the clasp body is a snap element I6 whichhas a body portion II in the form of a flat plate and adapted to be secured to the other end of a bracelet or chain,. The tongue I8 is provided with an upstanding finger 20 having its upper surface knurled, and having a longitudinal slot 2 adapted to be positioned above. When the finger 20 is manually depressed the edge I9 of the tongue I8 moves below the flange I 3 and the snap element may then be withdrawn from the hollow clasp body III.
US4314389A – Double fold over jewelry clasp – Google Patents
Dress clips were made of popular materials of the day including Bakelite like the example shown here and pot metal. Larger for were sold singly. Smaller examples were often sold in pairs or sometimes as part of a “duette” see below.
etc, – Great accessories for jewelry making and crafting, Good quality, Best Price,Perfect for your DIY jewelry or repairing fit necklaces and bracelets, pendant.
Please create an account, or Log in here. If you don’t have an account, create one here. Manikin 55 items. This double sided locket with a C clasp has a few seed pearls on the decorative bows. The photo inside is from a postcard so it is not a reliable source of dating. When I cleaned it I saw the back of photo and part of word from a postcard. The 2nd photo in back not sure if original to locket.
Pin Clasps on Native American Jewelry and how they help date the piece
These handy jewelry clasps for necklaces and bracelets quickly convert difficult spring-style clasps into easy twist-on clasps. Each set converts 3 necklaces or bracelets. Choose goldplate or silverplate.
Old c-clasp Collecting vintage jewelry requires learning the various clues to dating a piece. For example, old c clasps on brooches generally indicate that piece.
A safety clasp on the back of a pin is the one you are probably most familiar with as it is commonly used today. It is sometimes called a locking pin finding. Safety clasp or locking pin finding. On the left securely locked. On the right, the open position. Hand made safety clasps appeared on non-Native American jewelry since the s.
Dating Vintage Jewelry By Clasp Fastenings
Hallmarking in back coro c clasp type of the invention of locking c. My classic jewelry. My classic jewelry blog all about jewelry necklaces by their clasps, the late s through to have a new type: silver jewelry by clasp. Matching crystal brooch antique jewelry is to hallmark the beauty, the beauty, block clasps, we can usually easily identify the addition of deceased. Hi, antique or hinge.
Fantastic Antique Sterling Silver Flying Bird Circle Brooch – Heavy – C Clasp. Looks very Art Nouveau to early Art Deco although its hard to date exactly. I am always on the hunt for the unusual, beautiful, and well-made old jewelry!
One of the best ways to avoid reproductions and fakes is to know and understand how originals are made. Reproductions are rarely made the same as originals due to changes in materials, labor costs and modern production techniques. When looking at brooches, you can get a good idea of the age of the piece by studying the catches, hinges and pins Fig.
For the purposes of our discussion we are going to use the words “brooch” to mean the decorative, ornamental piece. The word “pin” will refer to the pointed piece of metal that pierces the clothing. The “hinge” is the assembly that allows the pin to pivot. The “catch” is the piece or mechanism that holds the fastener at the pointed end opposite the hinge. Pins, hinges, catches and other non-decorative pieces such as jump rings, latches, etc.
Tube hinges were also used during other eras but not to the extent they were used during last half of the 19th century and the early part of the 20th century. Tube hinges are formed by three cylinders, or tubes, of hollow metal Figs. Two tubes are attached to the decorative piece; one tube is attached to the pin. The tube on the pin is jointed to the two tubes on the decorative piece with a rod that passes through all three tubes.
Dating brooches: clasps (Part 1)
King Hiero II of Syracuse gave Archimedes the assignment to investigate the purity of a newly commissioned golden wreath, believing silver was added to the gold content. Although the technicalities in this legendary story are most likely based on myth, it does give an early account of fraud with precious metals. The German Crown in a Sun Hallmark. Image Courtesy of the Hallmark Research Institute.
From medieval times to the midth century, hallmarks were used only as a means of consumer protection. In those days the English government raised taxes on imported gold and silver work, with the exemption of antique items.
C clasps were also popular during the Victorian era. One way to tell if it is a very early piece is to examine the pin itself. This old style C Clasp.
I appreciated this article as I’m always at a loss as to what to call a clasp. Jennifer www. Thanks a bunch for sharing this with all people you actually recognize what you are talking about! Kindly also discuss with my website. Affordable Jewellery. I have an old metal mesh bow pin with an original plastic c- clasp What about the t-bar type clasps?
I know they are Victorian, but not sure about the exact dates.