Towards a Common Date for Easter

There generally is a difference between the dates the Eastern and Western Christian churches celebrate Easter and this year is no exception. The two Easter dates do occasionally concur, however, because neither church uses a fixed date but calculates the occasion according to ancient formulas set down to try to approximate the resurrection of Jesus. The reason for the difference is as old as the foundations of Eastern and Western Christianity themselves. After the ascension of Jesus, the Christian church began to grow and organize through much of the known world. Leadership of the growing body was centered in five patriarchs, including one in the Western part of the church, in Rome. All five of the patriarchs were considered equal in stature and authority and all five accepted the Nicean creed, which united them in doctrine and basic theology. When Emperor Constantine moved his capital from Rome to Byzantium in , though, a split within the ranks of the church began to form. In addition to social, racial, linguistic and cultural differences, the four patriarchs in the east were strongly influenced by Greek civilization while the patriarch in Rome, who was to be known as the pope, was Latin in his background and civilization.

Dating of Easter In The Orthodox Church – Greek Orthodox …

Why Different Dates of Easter. Since the days of early church history, determining the precise date of Easter has been a matter for continued argument. Why does the date for Easter change every year? Have you ever wondered why Easter Sunday can fall anywhere between March 22 and April 25?

Find out why Western churches and Orthodox churches celebration Easter on different dates.

The Orthodox call this day Pascha. It is the most joyous celebration of the entire year, as the community gathers together to celebrate the Resurrection of Jesus Christ. It decreed that Pascha would be held on the first Sunday after the first full moon occurring on or after the vernal equinox. March 21 is used as an approximation of the vernal equinox. Pascha is delayed by a week if the full moon is on Sunday.

While Pascha and the western Easter are both calculated using the same formula, the end dates often differ because they have different starting points. Orthodox Churches still use the Julian calendar as the starting point for the Pascha calculation. While most Orthodox Churches adopted the modern Gregorian calendar, some retained the Julian. To maintain unity within the entire church, all Orthodox celebrate the feast of feasts on the same day throughout the world.

The dates coincided most recently in and the next coincidence will be in According to the New Testament, Christ was crucified on the eve of the Jewish Passover See John and then shortly afterwards He rose from the dead.

Orthodox Easter in the United States

The Orthodox Christian date for Easter Sunday often occurs at a later date than the Easter date observed by many western churches. The day is also known as Pascha, Easter and Easter Day. Orthodox Easter is not a public holiday. It falls on Sunday, 2 May and most businesses follow regular Sunday opening hours in the United States. Many people see Easter as the most important event in the church calendar.

Orthodox Easter preparations begin with 40 days of strict fasting prior to Easter Day.

Unlike most most Christians around the world, who will celebrate on April 1, Greece will adhere to the Orthodox Easter, which falls early this.

Let us therefore celebrate the festival. Click to table for reckoning dates of Easter according to the proposals below. In the 20th century the churches have rediscovered a deep concern for Christian unity. They have expressed this in their efforts to find common ground on theological issues that have long divided them.

They have learned to give common witness in a variety of ways. But despite this progress towards visible unity, many challenges remain.

Why do Catholics and Orthodox Christians celebrate Easter on different days?

Link to – “Towards a Common Date for Easter. Our Consultation strongly endorses the Aleppo Statement. The Aleppo Statement rightly calls attention to the centrality of Christ’s resurrection as the basis of our common faith. As “the ultimate expression of the Father’s gift of reconciliation and unity in Christ through the Spirit,” the resurrection “is a sign of the unity and reconciliation which God wills for the entire creation” paragraph 5.

Yet by celebrating the feast of Christ’s resurrection, the Holy Pascha, or Easter, on different Sundays in the same year, “the churches give a divided witness” to this mystery, “compromising their credibility and effectiveness in bringing the Gospel to the world” paragraph 1. It is a matter of concern in our own North American context.

However, in the Orthodox Churches, while those dates are the same, they are reckoned using the Julian calendar; therefore, on the Gregorian.

Orthodox Easter When is Orthodox Easter ? Orthodox Easter is on Sunday, May 2, in days. Orthodox Easter has already passed: it was on Sunday, April 19, days ago. Orthodox Easter celebration in Cyprus. Orthodox Easter is on Sunday, April 24, in days. Dates of other holidays, events and celebrations. Calendars for Looking for calendars for ? See our list of all calendar templates. Word templates for Calendar templates. Online Calendars. Useful information.

Reform of the date of Easter

Easter , the Christian holiday that celebrates the day of the resurrection of Jesus Christ, is a moveable feast, which means that it does not occur on the same date every year. Easter is calculated based on the phases of the moon and the coming of spring. In A. In practice, that means that Easter is always the first Sunday after the first full moon that falls on or after March Easter can occur as early as March 22 and as late as April 25, depending on when the paschal full moon occurs.

The Council of Nicaea decided that Easter must always occur on a Sunday because Sunday was the day on which Christ rose from the dead.

Eastern Orthodox Christians use a different computation for the date of Easter than the Western churches. The precise date of.

Jews observe it by hosting a ritual dinner, called a seder, and then by abstaining from eating all leavened bread for about a week. Some of us abstain from some other stuff , too. Instead, we eat matzo , a thin, unleavened cracker. Easter is a springtime Christian holiday celebrating the resurrection of Jesus Christ and freedom from sin and death.

One of these holidays is Maundy Thursday, which, aside from being a great name for a holiday, is a remembrance of the Last Supper, which was a seder. In the United States, many Christians observe Easter by attending a ritual meal between breakfast and lunch, called a brunch. These holidays have a lot in common: They share themes of liberation and triumph; they both involve buying a lot of eggs; they were both a pretty big deal for Jesus.

This year, they also overlap. And this makes sense: In the Gospels, the existential drama of Easter happens against the backdrop of Passover. Yet about 15 percent of the time, the two holidays actually occur a month apart. What causes this mismatch? There are two ways of answering this question. Both holidays are supposed to fall on, or near, a full moon in the spring. Passover always begins on the 15th day of the Hebrew month of Nisan.

Common Response to the Aleppo Statement on the Date of Easter/Pascha

The answer which says a lot of good things like that the Puritans not observing Easter, does not actually address the question as posed. While I’m no expert, I thought it was always the first Sunday after the first full moon after the vernal equinox. Perhaps that just got lost in translation? Concerning the date of Easter, I think the answer as posted does answer the question as posed “Some years Easter is in March and other years it is in April.

Why is this?

Find out why Western and Eastern Easter are celebrated on different dates and tips on Like in America, Greek Easter takes place on a Sunday, but the date is governed by a Greek Orthodox Easter Dates and Variations.

Jump to navigation. See Catholic-Orthodox urged toward reunion. The consultation, the official dialogue sponsored by the Orthodox and Catholic bishops of the United States and Canada, met Sept. A key time element calling for action now, the consultation said, is the fact that this year and next Eastern and Western Christians happen to celebrate Easter on the same date;.

It will happen again in and , but then, unless an agreement is reached, it won’t happen again for the next 17 years. The belief that Christ died for our sins and rose on the third day is “the center of our faith,” the statement said. We are convinced that the time is at hand for a permanent resolution of this issue. The theologians and church officials in the North American consultation repeated their call for Catholic, Orthodox and other Christian churches to adopt the principles for a common Easter date set out by the Aleppo Statement — a widely endorsed consultation of Orthodox and Western Christians in Aleppo, Syria, that sought to find a definitive solution to the centuries-old divergence among Christians over a common date for Easter.

The Synoptic Gospels report that on the eve of his death Christ celebrated a Passover meal with his Apostles. He was crucified the next day Friday , buried quickly before the sundown start of the Sabbath Saturday , and rose on the third day Sunday — making Easter the first Sunday after the Passover, which is determined by the first full moon after the vernal equinox.

Question and Answer

Since the early Middle Ages, all Christians have used the same method for determining the date of Easter, though they arrive at a different result. This straightforward method based upon an easily observable natural phenomenon survived the Schism of , when the Catholic and Orthodox Churches split from each other. Still, if you have Orthodox Christian friends or visit a predominantly Orthodox country, such as Russia or Greece, in the late spring you may find yourself celebrating a second Easter.

Fixing the date on which the Resurrection of Jesus was to be observed and celebrated Moreover, the Orthodox tradition prohibits Easter from being celebrated.

The Paschalion of the Orthodox Church is a set of rules for determining the date of Pascha that traditionally has been implemented by calendrical tables combining Metonic lunar cycles with the Julian solar year. The rules are attributed to the First Ecumenical Council held at Nicea in ; the cyclical Paschal tables that emerged in connection with the Council were based on 3rd and 4th century Alexandrian prototypes, and then transposed into Julian dates by Dionysius Exiguus in the 6th century.

The origin of annual festivals in Christianity is obscure. Paul 1 Cor. Luke Acts 2. Chapters of John’s Gospel is structured around the cycle of Jewish annual festivals, and all the Gospels’ passion narratives are set at the time of Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread. But nowhere are Christian annual observances explicitly mentioned. Then, beginning in the mid-2nd century, evidence appears of Pascha and commemorations of martyrs.

The commemorations of martyrs were held on fixed dates in the solar calendar. Pascha was computed according to a lunar calendar.

Russian Orthodox Christians celebrate Easter at Midnight Mass